Life Events

Birth & Infancy

In the hopes of becoming pregnant, a woman might finely crush shells, mix them with warm water and let the mixture set over night before swallowing.  The mixture would be comprised of either shell beads provided by Pit River people, if a boy was desired or the inner layer of shells from the ocean for a girl. On the fifth day of the woman’s menstruation cycle she would ingest the mixture facing to the east. Read more…

Death & Mourning

In Modoc culture, cremation was the primary method for bodily remains. Regardless of community stature, character, or cause of death, all deceased individuals were cremated.  If possible, warriors who were killed were brought home for cremation, otherwise the warrior would be cremated at the battle site.  Only in situations where they were left with no choice would a body be abandoned.  Read more…